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Acts Of Bravery And Photographs

PARAM VIR CHAKRA :Major Somnath Sharma,  PVC (Posthumous) 

  Born              - 31 Jan 1923 Dadh, Kangra ,HP
  Father           - Maj Gen AN Sharma
  Commission     - 22 Feb 1942
  Action           - 03 Nov 1947
  Religion          - Hindu
  Studies          - Prince of Wales Royal IndianMilitary College

In Nov 1947, Major Somnath Sharma's company was ordered on a fighting patrol to Badgam Village in the Kashmir Valley . He reached his objective at first light on and took up a position south of Badgam at 1100 hours. The enemy, estimated at 700, attacked his company position with 3 inches mortars, Light Machine Guns and rifles. Completely outnumbered and with withering fire being brought to bear on its position from three sides, the company began to sustain heavy casualties.

Fully realising the gravity of the situation and the direct threat that would result to both Srinagar and the aerodrome if the enemy attack was not held until reinforcements could be rushed to close the gap leading to Srinagar via Hum Hom, Major Sharma urged his company to fight the enemy tenaciously, with extreme bravery, kept rushing across the open ground to his sections exposing himself to heavy and accurate fire urging them to hold on.

Keeping his nerve, he skillfully directed the fire of his sections into the ever-advancing enemy. He repeatedly exposed himself to the full fury of enemy fire and laid out cloth air strips to guide our aircraft into their targets in full view of the enemy.  Realising that casualties had affected the effectiveness of his light automatics, this officer, whose left hand was in plaster, personally commenced filling magazines and issuing them to light machine gunners. A mortar shell landing right in the middle of the ammunition resulted in an explosion that killed him.

Major Sharma's company held onto its position and the remnants withdrew only when almost completely surrounded. His inspiring example had resulted in the enemy being delayed for six hours, thus gaining time for our reinforcements to get into position at Hum Hom to stem the tide of the enemy advance.

His leadership, gallantry and tenacious defence were such that his men were inspired to fight the enemy outnumbering them by seven to one for six hours, one hour of which was after this gallant officer had been killed.  He has set an example of courage and qualities seldom equaled in the history of Indian Army. His last message to Brigade Headquarter received a few moments before he was killed was: "The enemy is only 50 yards from us. We are heavily outnumbered. We are under devastating fire. I shall not withdraw an inch but will fight to the last man and the last round".

PARAM VIR CHAKRA : Major Shaitan Singh, PVC (Posthumous)

  Born                    -  01 Dec 1924 Banasar, Jodhpur , Rajasthan
  Father                 - Lt Col Hem Singh
  Commission           - 01 Aug 1949
  Award date           - 18 Nov 1962
  Religion                - Hindu
  Studies                - Jaswant College, Jodhpur

Major Shaitan Singh was commanding a company of infantry battalion deployed at a height of about 17,000 feet. The locality was isolated from the main defended sector and consisted of five defended platoon positions.

During November 1962, the Chinese subjected the company position to heavy artillery, mortar and small arms fire and attacked in overwhelming strength in successive waves. Against heavy odds, our troops beat back the enemy attack. During the action, Major Shaitan Singh dominated the scene of operations, and moved at great personal risk from one platoon post to another sustaining the morale of his hard-pressed platoon posts. While doing so, he was seriously wounded but continued to encourage and lead his men who, following his brave example fought gallantly and inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy. For every man lost by us, the enemy lost four to five . When Major Shaitan Singh fell disabled by wounds in his arms and abdomen, his men tried to evacuate him but came under heavy machine gun fire. Maj Shaitan Singh ordered his men to leave him to his fate in order to save their lives.

Major Shaitan Singh’s supreme courage, leadership and exemplary devotion to duty inspired his company to fight almost to the last man. The heroic resistance put up by this gallant soldier with his company against the assault of more than one thousand Chinese, is not only a tribute to the Regiment, but also a matter of pride for soldiers, the World over. These brave soldiers fought to the last man and last round. For this historic battle Major Shaitan Singh was awarded Param Vir Chakra. Undoubtedly, the battle of Rezang La is a great feat of leadership, courage and unswerving determination in the annals of Military History. Appropriately the plaque at the memorial of Rezang La says: -

How can a man die better
than facing fearful odds
For the ashes of his fathers
and the temple of his Gods"

ASHOK CHAKRA :Major Bhukant Mishra, AC (Posthumous) 

Born                   - 15 Jun 1941 35/122 Nowbasta Talipara, Agra (UP)
Commission          - 11 Apr 1970 
Award date          - 06 Jun 1984 
Religion               - Hindu

A Company commanded by late Major Bhukant Misra was tasked to clear a complex during Jan 84. The Complex was very heavily fortified and was converted into impregnable bastion. Attempts to clear the building during the night suffered very heavy casualties. At 0440 hours one company led by Major Bhukant Misra advanced behind an Armoured Personnel Carrier, which was soon hit by anti tank gun fire. At the same time the company came under very heavy fire and suffered eight casualties, including the JCO of the leading platoon. Realising the loss of command and control in the leading platoon, Major Bhukant Misra rushed forward, irrespective of the heavy fire all around and soon established command and control. Two companies were launched at 0530 hours on the next day. Both the companies advanced at the given time but soon came under very heavy fire. Major Bhukant Misra’s company once again suffered very heavy casualties and the advance of this company stalled. Major Bhukant Misra at this stage stood in front of the company and asked them to follow him and charged at the base of the Complex. This daring act by Major Bhukant Misra inspired the company and they rushed behind him and gained a foothold. A light machine gun firing through a pot hole in the base was interfering in the further advance. Major Bhukant Mishra, without bothering for his safety, now crawled towards the base and destroyed the light machine gun and the crew by lobbing a grenade through the pot hole. This act was an example of cold courage. Immediately after destroying the light machine gun, Major Bhukant Mishra rushed to the steps leading into the Complex. As he was about to enter the Complex, he was shot down and killed by a burst of Medium Machine Gun. Throughout the action late Major Bhukant Misra displayed courage, bravery and a tremendous sense of duty towards the men he commanded and the country he served. The officer laid down his life like a gallant soldier leading his men right in front. For this supreme sacrifice and the gallantry displayed, Major Bhukant Misra was awarded ASHOK CHAKRA (POSTHUMOUSLY).

ASHOK CHAKRA :Naik Nirbhay Singh, AC (Posthumous)

  Born                 - 01 May 1958 Jhalawar(Raj)
  Enrolled            - 01 January 1976
  Father              - Shri Nandan Singh
  Award Date       - 26 January 1985
  Action              - 06 Jun 84

Naik Nirbhay Singh was Light Machine Gun detachment commander of the leading section of a company of a Kumaon Battalion commanded by late Major Bhukant Misra. At 0530 hours on the day of action the company was tasked to storm a Complex. This building was a virtual fortress and all prior efforts to storm the building failed due to the massive firing from bunkers and pill boxes from inside the Complex and the buildings on the flanks. When a company advanced to storm the building, the company came under very heavy fire. The companies advance therefore came to a halt. At this stage, Major Bhukant Misra, set a personal example of leadership by running ahead alone. Seeing that his company commander was charging alone Naik Nirbhay Singh who was light machine gunner Number 1, immediately told his Number 2, Lance Naik Ram Bahor Singh to follow him with the light machine gun and charged towards the base of the Complex. Naik Nirbhay Singh soon reached the base, took position, mounted the light machine gun and covered his company commander, inspite of very heavy firing from 3-4 medium machine guns from different directions. This act of courage displayed by Naik Nirbhay Singh enabled Major Bhukant Mishra to hold on at the base until he charged into the foot steps leading into the Akal Takht. Naik Nirbhay Singh continued to remain in the open under very heavy fire alongwith his light machine gunner Number 2, Lance Naik Ram Bahor Singh, without any fear. Naik Nirbhay Singh continued to cover the move of his company commander with utter disregard to his personal life. When late Major Bhukant Misra ultimately stormed into the footsteps of the Complex, Naik Nirbhay Singh saw that a light machine gun was firing from a pot hole on the base of the Complex. Realising that his company commander's life was in danger, he immediately stood up, exposing himself to grave danger and charged towards the light machine gun that was firing from the pot hole. While doing so, he was hit by a burst of fire on his leg and was wounded! Undeterred by the injury suffered, Naik Nirbhay Singh, crawled towards the pot hole again exposing himself to the medium machine guns firing all around and lobbed a grenade into the basement, through the pot hole, which silenced the light machine gun. While Naik Nirbhay Singh was in the process of destroying the light machine gun, he was hit by a medium machine gun burst for the second time and thus laid down his life alongwith his company commander who was also killed by the same medium machine gun. For this act of gallantry supreme sacrifice, devotion to duty and supreme example of brotherhood, Naik Nirbhay Singh was awarded ASHOK CHAKRA (POSTHUMOUSLY).

ASHOK CHAKRA :Subedar Sujjan Singh, AC (Posthumous) 

  Born                 - 30 Mar 1953 , Kanina Khas Haryana
  Enrolled            - 27 May 1971
  Father              - Shri Mangal Singh
  Award Date       - 26 January 1995
  Action              - 26 Sep 1994

It was Sep 1994 , a Kumaon Battalion, on specific information carried out search of Jungles. Having effectively cordoned target area, search of dense forest started at 0800 hours. Subedar Sujjan Singh as search party commander, around 0900 hours spotted two hideouts of militants alongside a narrow and steep nallah. He tactically moved his party closing with the hideouts, with complete surprise. Continuing movement forward, when he was about 15 meters from hideouts, militants brought down intense and accurate fire on the JCO, thus making further movement well neigh impossible. Quickly Captain KKS Koyarhs party moved towards the militants to draw away and divide their attention and fire. Subedar Sujjan Singh saw the officer and his party almost in the jaws of death. The JCO preferred over his own life, the choice of saving the lives of his leader-officer and many men. He resorted to physically charging the hideouts, through the only direction dictated by treacherous terrain and militants fire. The JCO leading, one Sepoy Mukesh Chand rapidly and accurately firing, physically, charged five meters through a hail of hot lead-bullets, getting a burst in abdomen. The JCO was at the alter of death. Sepoy Mukesh, five steps behind the JCO did well to cover his leader, but was himself shot in chest and wrist. Captain KKS Koyarh ten feet from the JCO tried to cover him. However, the JCO although greviously wounded pushed himself forward still firing his last magazine, heroically and with bravery. Bullets pierced his helmet and head and he died instantly. By Subedar Sujjan Singh's supreme sacrifice not only were five militants including their commandant killed, four weapons recovered, but most importantly his officer and troops were saved. Subedar Sujjan Singh with his selflessness, bravery, and supreme sacrifice proved his leadership. For this utmost conspicuous bravery and act of preeminently daring valour, Subedar Sujjan Singh was awarded ASHOK CHAKRA (Posthumous) on 26 January 1995 .

ASHOK CHAKRA :Naik Rambeer Singh Tomar (Posthumous) 

  Born                 - 15 August 1970
  Enrolled            - 28 July 1989
  Father              - Shri Rajendra Singh Tomar
  Award Date       - 26 Januray 2002

The story is of 0930 hours of a day of December, after nearly two hours of heavy exchange of fire with terrorists, Naik       Rambeer volunteered to be entry man for the search of the house from where the fire came. He lobbed a grenade and rushed into the house, displaying unparalleled courage, quick reflexes and shot dead two terrorists on the spot. The third terrorist charged at Naik Rambeer. In a fierce hand to hand combat, he overpowered the terrorist and shot him dead. Sensing presence of more terrorists in adjacent room and danger to his buddy, he stormed the room where he was shot below his left eye by fourth terrorist. Despite failing energy due to loss of blood, he lobbed a grenade killing the fourth terrorist. The gallant soldier, single handedly killed three dreaded Pakistani and one local terrorists, before he succumbed to his fatal injury while being evacuated. For sustained display of most conspicuous bravery, inspiring leadership, concern for fellow soldiers, exceptional personal valour and raw courage beyond call of duty, he was awarded Ashok Chakra (Posthumous).

MAHAVIR CHAKRA :Brigadier (Later Gen,) Raina, Tapishwar Narayan, PVSM, MVC

  Born                     - 21 January 1921 Jammu , Jammu & Kashmir
  Family settled        - New Delhi
  Father                  - Rai Sahib AN Raina
  Commission            - 12 Apr 1942 
  Award date            - 20 October 1962
  Religion                 - Hindu
  Studied                 - University of Punjab
  Other Awards         - Mentioned in Despatches

Brig TN Raina took over the command of an infantry brigade just before the Chinese invasion. The Brigade at that time was responsible for defence. It was October 1962, he moved at very short notice and strengthened the defences there. Within a short time, with his determination and boundless energy, he organized the brigade and raised it to a state of remarkable preparedness.

During the battle, he visited the forward posts in complete disregard of his personal safety, directed the operations and adjusted the defences effectively. When a locality was lost, he organized a systematic withdrawal of troops who would have been cut off, thus saving valuable men and material from falling into enemy hands.

By the morning next day, he had readjusted his defences and was once again ready to repulse any enemy onslaught. Brig Raina showed commendable devotion to duty, conspicuous courage and exemplary leadership in handling his brigade.

MAHAVIR CHAKRA :Lieutenant Colonel Dharam Singh, MVC 

  Born                     - 08 February 1912 Village- Badasara, Bhiwani (Haryana)
  Father                  - Sub Maj Ujala Singh
  Commission            - 15 May 1941
  Award date           - 08 November 1948
  Religion                 - Hindu
  Studied                 - Jhun Ram Jat School ' Hissar

In a night of November 1948 , during the attack on a feature, Lt Col Dharam Singh led his battalion extremely well over a difficult country side and against a determined enemy. To capture the feature, he fought five actions in pitch darkness without  artillery support. This officer was always with his forward company and did not care for his personal safety. His conduct in carrying out this attack was an inspiration to all his men, which eventually led to the capture of the feature at dawn. But for his personal bravery, initiative and strong leadership this attack would not have succeeded jeopardizing the entire operation.

MAHAVIR CHAKRA :Sepoy Man Singh, MVC (Posthumous) 

  Born                     - 12 April 1926 Village- Khera Machhroli  Rohtak, Haryana
  Father                  - Sh Sampat Singh
  Commission           - 12 April 1945
  Award date           - 15 Jan 1948
  Religion                 - Hindu

During January 1948, Sep Man Singh was in a picquet in Poonch in Jammu & Kashmir Sector when it was very strongly attacked by the enemy more than two hundred strong. His platoon was holding the front sector of the key defensive position. They approached close to the picquet perimeter covered by their six Light Machine Guns and grenade discharges firing very heavily from a distance of about 400 yards.  Sepoy Man Singh's platoon had suffered about 50 percent casualties and enemy was going to rush in at any moment.

Sep Man Singh, on his own initiative, came out of his slit trench and ran forward engaging the enemy with grenades and eventually succeeded in silencing two of the enemy Light Machine Guns. In the meantime, a burst of Light Machine Gun fire hit him on his head. In spite of the mortal wound sustained by him, he fired another grenade saying, "I 'm finished but I will finish you too", and thus smashed another enemy Light Machine Gun with its accompanying numbers. This gallant action of Sepoy Man Singh at the cost of his own life, which set an example of bravery and devotion to duty, saved a terrible loss of lives to his company and helped in protection of Poonch Garrison.

MAHAVIR CHAKRA :Naik Nar Singh, MVC (Posthumous)

  Born                     - 14 Mar 1926 Village- Gangolakotull, Almora, Uttranchal
  Father                  - Sh Uttam Singh
  Enrolled                 - 14 Mar 1944
  Award date            - May 1948
  Religion                 - Hindu

On 31 May 1948, Naik Nar Singh, in command of a  Section of a Kumaon Battalion, was wounded during the attack on a hill feature named 'Master' in Jammu and Kashmir but refused to be evacuated.
Master' was a narrow steep feature covered with dense pine forests. The approach to this feature was along a very narrow path. The enemy was holding this feature with two companies, a section of Medium Machine Guns and detachment of 3-inch Mortars.
The attack commenced at 0530 hours. All advantages lay in the enemy hands as he was holding the high ground. Twice the feature was attacked but owing to lack of space for maneuvering and intense enemy fire, the company had to stay put at the same place where they had been pinned down.

During the second assault an enemy bullet hit Naik Nar Singh in the right shoulder. He was ordered by the company commander to be evacuated to the Regimental Aid Post. But as the third wave of the attack started, this NCO, quietly slipped out unnoticed and went on to lead his section which was the leading section of the assault wave. Shouting in his faint but courageous voice he inspired his men by telling them in his Kumaoni language, "Kumaoni Ko bachhao; Jan chali jae lekin dushman ke tukre kar dalo. Pichhe nahin hatna", with his bayonet fixed, firing his sten gun from the hip he jumped into an enemy Light Machine Gun bunker- his pre selected target, bayoneted two of the enemy Light Machine Gun gunners and captured the gun. By this time he had lost much blood. The attack had gone on successfully; the feature was in our hands by 1130 hrs.

But nobody could hear a single word from Naik Nar Singh. He was found lying dead in the enemy bunker on top of his two victims - one of his hands still clutching the Bren gun that he so gallantly captured.  Naik Nar Singh's supreme example of selfless sacrifice, devotion to duty, and determination earned him MAHAVIR CHAKARA .

MAHAVIR CHAKRA :Sepoy Dewan Singh

  Born                     - 14 July 1923 Village- Purdam,Pithoragarh
  Father                  - Sh Udai Singh
  Enrolled                - 14 July 1943
  Award date           - 3 November 1947
  Religion                 - Hindu

During November 1947 at Srinagar in Kashmir, during an action at Badgam, against  the  Tribesmen   Sepoy Dewan  Singh was No 1 Bren Gunner his Section.
The Tribesmen were advancing in an over-whelming majority and his Platoon position was being swept away by enemy Light Machine Gun fire. The odds were such that the platoon commander was ordered to withdraw his Platoon from the position.  The enemy by now had reached very near. On seeing this Sepoy Dewan Singh picked up his Bren gun and commenced firing from his hip with great accuracy and speed and was himself responsible for accounting at least 15 casualties on the enemy thereby repulsing the enemy advance and allowing the other personnel of his Platoon to withdraw.

While thus firing at the enemy, he was severely wounded on the shoulder but this was not sufficient to make this Sepoy leave his position. The enemy now finding that the remainder of the Platoon had withdrawn and that this was lonely Bren gun firing being manned by one man, started concentrating on his post. But Sepoy Dewan Singh would not leave his Bren gun  till he himself got a burst of Bren gun on his chest and died.

This sepoy with complete disregard for his own life and through his example of determined and heroic offensive action undoubtedly saved not only his Section but the whole of the remaining Platoon personnel from being completely overrun. His courage, gallantry and devotion to duty is an example to other soldiers. For this heroic action, Sepoy Dewan Singh was awarded MAHAVIR CHAKRA.

MAHAVIR CHAKRA :Major Malkiat Singh Brar (Posthumous)

  Born                     - 15 Aug 1918 Village- Alannvala Faridkot, Pune
  Father                  - Sh Inder Singh
  Commission            - 11 Jan 1941
  Award date            - 8 Feb 1948
  School                  - Malwa Khalsa

It was February 1948 at Poonch, Maj MS Brar was commanding a Company of his Battalion which captured an important hill feature against heavy opposition. With daybreak, the enemy launched a determined counter-attack at about 1030 hours.The forward platoon post had suffered heavy casualties and there were only two men capable of fighting. Major Brar ran with a Bren gun to the forward post with utter disregard for his personal safety and fired from the hip at the advancing enemy from point-blank range. His fire stopped the hostiles who ran back and took cover behind the rocks. Thus Maj Brar's gallantry saved the forward platoon from being over-run.

Then despite his wounds, Major Brar personally evacuated most of his casualties under very heavy enemy automatic fire. He went round all the forward posts and collected two Bren guns and five rifles belonging to the dead. In spite of the orders to stop he went on supervising the evacuation of the Company's casualties, when a 3-inch mortar bomb landed close to him and wounded him mortally. Maj Brar was killed on the spot saying, "well done Company. Get down, I am all right". Personal bravery of a higher type has rarely been seen.

For his personal act of bravery and command of  his troops, Maj Brar was awarded MAHAVIR CHAKRA.


  Born                     - 25 July 1976 Chuchuyimpang (Nagaland)
  Father                  - Shri Arennungba
  Enrolled                - May 1994
  Award date           - 26 Jan 2000


It was July 1999 a company of NAGA was tasked to raid enemy mortar position. Sepoy Imli Akum AO formed part of the Assault Group and  was tasked to  stealthily silence the  enemy sentry who  was on  duty on the  outer perimeter of enemy  mortar  position. Sepoy Imliakum AO  approached  the enemy  sentry during  broad daylight  and killed him.

He  kept moving forward and  killed one more sentry and subsequently stormed the mortar position alongwith the Assault Group. Sepoy Imliakum showed exemplary courage and determination killing two enemy soldiers. His determination, grit, cool confidence and raw courage in the face of enemy was exemplary in the true spirit and traditions of the Indian Army and the Regiment which was a factor in eliminating the enemy from the almost indomitable mortar position. The raid was a big success wherein three 120 mm and two 81 mm Mortars were captured alongwith a huge stockpile of ammunition.

For the exemplary courage in the face of enemy, sustained and successful performance in storming the enemy mortar position and killing two enemy soldier, Sepoy Imliakum AO was awarded MAHAVIR CHAKRA.

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